How do you determine your skin type?
Before talking to you about the different skin types, I will introduce you to the skin as our bodyguard because it is the skin that protects us from the outside but it is also our temperature regulator, our "touch screen" the organ of the senses, it synthesizes vitamin D.
It is also our business card, which is why La Fare 1789 helps you to take care of it!
It is the largest and heaviest organ in the human body, made up of three layers:
The epidermis as thick as a sheet of paper is the most superficial layer of the skin. It is made up of horny cells (dead cells) that interlock with each other to form the intercellular cement, it is covered with the hydrolipidic film, our own protection, composed of sebum and sweat, which is very important for the balance and protection of our skin.
The stratum corneum regenerates at the beginning of our life every 30 days, then this mechanism slows down over the years, leaving room for signs of aging, but you will see we can intervene to minimize the process.
The dermis, we can say that it is our cellular repairer because it is responsible for healing, it is also the reservoir of hydration and finally its thickness and quality are a sign of youthfulness when it is rich in collagen and fibroblast but unfortunately over time the loss is inevitable.
The hypodermis, our thermal regulator, is also our mattress which absorbs shocks thanks to the fat cells. We find there the venous and lymphatic circulation and the adipocytes.
Now let's talk about skin types, scientifically there are 3 of them
Normal skin, dreaming
The complexion is luminous, the skin is silky to the touch, the skin texture is tightened the pores are balanced, it is neither too oily nor too dry.
Oily or combination skin
The complexion is dull, blurred, shiny, the skin is thick and irregular to the touch, the pores are numerous and very dilated, it shines quickly during the day.
Not a very pretty description! But know that if oily skin is not a top model in adolescence they will become one because excess sebum production is a shield to the signs of aging. So cheer up!
Dry or Alipidic Skin
The complexion is dull, transparent in appearance, the skin is rough and rough to the touch, it is fine and the pores are tight or even invisible, it feels tight and tingly, uncomfortable and little itchy.
It reacts to external aggressions by presenting redness and dulling. It is a type of skin that ages more quickly.
Be careful not to confuse dry skin due to a lack of sebum secretion and dry skin due to a lack of water, which is called dehydrated skin. Dehydrated skin is not a skin type but an imbalance!
Now let's talk about skin imbalances which are dehydration and sensitivity:
Dehydration is skin that lacks water. The NMF or natural hydration film contained in corneocytes (amino acids, urea, sugars and minerals) can fail or be attacked and deteriorate. The lack of sebum and sweat secretion can also cause water loss from the epidermis.
How can you tell if your skin is dehydrated?
Using your thumb, create a bulge and observe. If you see streaks appear, your skin is dehydrated. It is gradual, the more streaks there are, the greater and deeper the dehydration.
As you can understand, all three skin types can suffer from dehydration.
The causes of dehydration:
- The use of overly aggressive, unsuitable cosmetics...
- The ritual of washing your face in the shower because of the heat of the water, the pressure and finally the limescale.
- Prolonged exposure to wind, cold and sunshine
Sensitive skin is often associated with dry skin. It presents redness, tingling and discomfort. The redness can be all over the face, it often appears with the cold, the wind, after a strong emotion. It can be a fragility and great sensitivity of the capillaries but it can also be a Rosacea.
Rosacea is a skin disease that affects the small vessels of the face. It causes redness, rosacea or more extensive lesions. It is a disease with different forms, in this case it is recommended to consult a dermatologist.
Sensitivity can also cause the use of overly aggressive and drying cosmetic products.